St. Alphonsus Liguori, C.Ss.R.
Bishop, Doctor of the Church, and the founder of the Redemptorist Congregation, St. Alphonsus was born on September 27, 1696, at Marianella, near Naples, Italy. In 1723, he had a vision and was told to consecrate his life solely to God. On December 21, 1726, he was ordained and spent the next six years giving missions throughout Naples. Alphonsus founded the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer on November 9, 1732. For thirteen years Alphonsus lived in Goths near Naples where he fed the poor, instructed families, reorganized the seminary and religious houses, and wrote. He died on August 1,1787. He was beatified in 1816 and canonized in 1839. In 1871, Alphonsus was declared a Doctor of the Church by Pope Pius IX. His writings on moral, theological, and ascetic matters had great impact and have survived through the years, especially his Moral Theology and his Glories of Mary. He is the patron of confessors, moral theologians, and the lay apostolate.